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When to plant peppers for seedlings in 2021 in the Urals
When to plant peppers for seedlings in 2021 in the Urals

Video: When to plant peppers for seedlings in 2021 in the Urals

Video: What Soil pH Do Pepper Plants Grow Best In? 2022, December
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Summer in the Urals is short, so gardeners have to plant some crops, including pepper, for seedlings. When determining the optimal timing for when it is better to carry out planting work, the climatic conditions of the region, soil quality, varietal belonging of seeds, as well as the data of the lunar calendar for 2021, where the phases of the night star and the periods of its stay in a particular constellation of the zodiac are prescribed are taken into account.

The influence of the moon on plant growth

The moon is in constant motion, now approaching, then moving away from the Earth. The maximum impact of the satellite is noted when approaching the planet - during this period, the processes of sap flow are activated, which enhances the development of foliage and stem, and the plant begins to intensively absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil.

With the distance of the Moon, the force of its influence decreases by about 50% (increasing and decreasing phases). Each such period is used by gardeners and gardeners to carry out certain manipulations:

  1. Waxing Crescent. The sap of the plant rushes from the roots to the top. At this time, it is best to start planting seeds.
  2. New Moon is an unfavorable period for sowing, planting seedlings, loosening the soil and grafting.
  3. Full moon. It is recommended to carry out work on the destruction of pests, disease and weed control. Do not prune and pinch plants.
  4. Waning moon. Any activities related to the root system are prohibited.

Also, you should not engage in planting and picking plants in the Urals the day before the new moon / full moon and on the day following it. But the removal of weeds and weeding will be more effective during this period.

Influence of the zodiac signs

When planning events for laying seed, according to the lunar calendar in 2021, one should take into account not only the location of the satellite relative to our planet, but also its stay in a particular constellation. It is recommended to plant peppers for seedlings when the night star is in the house of Pisces, Cancer, Capricorn or Scorpio.

Planting under neutral signs (Aries, Sagittarius and Virgo) is possible, but undesirable, since the result may be unpredictable.

The signs Gemini, Leo, Aquarius and Libra are considered infertile, so it is better to postpone the planting of seeds until a more favorable period.

Lunar calendar for planting pepper in 2021

Astrologers annually draw up a special calendar that will help navigate the timing of planting garden crops and choose the optimal dates for other agrotechnical measures (weeding, loosening, watering, etc.), depending on the strength of the satellite's effect on life processes in the plant organism.

The waning moon contributes to the growth of the root system and thickening of the stems, and during the growing period, the activation of growth processes is noted.

Auspicious days

Month

date

Lunar day

Moon phase

Constellation zodiac

February

4

22-23

Third quarter

Scorpion

12

1-2

Growing

Fishes

13

2-3

Growing

Fishes

14

3-4

Growing

Fishes

17

6-7

Growing

Taurus

19

8-9

First quarter

Taurus

23

12-13

Growing

Cancer

24

13-14

Growing

Cancer

March

4

21

Decreasing

Scorpion

17

4-5

Growing

Taurus

22

9-10

Growing

Cancer

23

10-11

Growing

Cancer

30

117-18

Decreasing

Scorpion

Unfavorable / neutral days table

Month

Unfavorable period

Neutral days

February

10, 11, 15, 26, 27

2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 16, 20-22

March

9-16, 20, 24, 25, 29

2, 3, 7, 26-28, 31

Regional features

Pepper is a thermophilic culture, so you need to plant it only when the soil warms up to + 15 … + 16 degrees. So, if in central Russia a suitable temperature is reached by the end of May-beginning of June, then in the Urals it is possible to plant young bushes in June only in a greenhouse.

The readiness of pepper seedlings to move to a permanent place is determined according to the scheme:

  • late varieties - 80-85 days from the moment of germination;
  • mid-season varieties - 75-80 days;
  • early varieties - 65-70 days.

In this case, it is necessary to add about another 10 days - the period of seed germination.

Which variety to choose

The harsh climate of the Urals dictates not only the conditions for planting garden crops, but also the rules for choosing a variety. Ural gardeners prefer to grow seedlings of early-maturing hybrids, which ensures that the fruits reach full maturity in a short time:

  1. Winnie the Pooh - early ripening pepper, growing season is 120 days. A distinctive feature is the simultaneous ripening of fruits, which greatly facilitates harvesting.
  2. Montero is a tall (about a meter in height) early maturing pepper with bright red fruits. Used for growing under cover.
  3. The merchant is an early ripe variety, the fruits are small, weighing about 65 g.

But you can choose other varieties of pepper, which are adapted to the conditions of this particular territory and are distinguished by high yields:

  1. The bull is a medium-ripening variety with yellow and red fruits weighing 200 g. More than others it is suitable for growing in the conditions of this region.
  2. Pioneer - from the moment of emergence to the technical ripeness of the fruit, it takes about 120 days, the weight of the fruit is 60 g.
  3. The firstborn of Siberia is a low-growing (up to 0.5 m) mid-season variety with red, brown or yellow fruits weighing about 50 g.
  4. Sibiryak is a low-growing mid-season variety, height - up to 0.5 m, fruit weight - 120 g. Grows well in greenhouses.

Summarize

  1. Seeds are laid for seedlings in February-March, depending on the varietal affiliation of the crop and the place of its further growth.
  2. The lunar calendar will help you navigate the timing of planting pepper, where the phases of the satellite and its location in a particular zodiac sign are indicated.
  3. The Urals have a harsh climate and short summers, so gardeners prefer to grow a thermophilic crop in a greenhouse.
  4. Breeders offer several hybrids of early and mid-early varieties of pepper, adapted to the conditions of the region and suitable for growing both outdoors and indoors.

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