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When is the best time to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018
When is the best time to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018

Video: When is the best time to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018

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The main thing in planting cucumbers is to do it on time. Some farmers rely on the weather to determine the best time for planting, others plant according to the lunar calendar. We will find out when it is better to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018 in the Moscow region, taking into account both the weather and the phases of the moon.

Definition by weather

Consider when to plant cucumbers for seedlings in the spring of 2018 in the Moscow region according to the weather. Weather is one of the most popular ways for farmers to determine favorable days. In general, this period depends on the temperature in the region. For example, in the middle lane, seedlings are transferred to open ground in late May or early June.

In the southern regions, the favorable landing period may fall on the beginning of May. As for the greenhouse, planting can be done two or even three weeks earlier. Thus, in order to determine the most favorable period, it is necessary to take into account the average temperature readings for the region in previous years.

When and at what temperature to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018 in the Moscow region? This is the period during which the temperature will not drop below 5 degrees Celsius. This period is considered the most favorable.

The peculiarity of cucumbers is that they are very thermophilic, and then experienced farmers strongly do not recommend planting them in open ground in April - there is a risk of frost return, and then this event will be risky. It is better to wait until the temperature stably drops below + 5C °, and only then plant it. Lower temperatures are dangerous both for seedlings planted in open ground and for seedlings that emerge from sown seeds.

Thus, it is necessary to wait until the earth warms up. In the Moscow region, cucumbers in open ground begin to be planted no earlier than May 20 - usually the ground by this period is already warming up enough, but no later than June 10.

Nevertheless, if you want to land a little earlier, it is recommended to make a film cover over the beds.

If you are a happy owner of a heated greenhouse, then you are in luck, and you can start planting much earlier than other farmers: you can start sowing seeds in mid-February, you can transfer seedlings to the greenhouse already at the end of March.

Remember that before sowing cucumbers in open ground, you need to count the number of days before replanting the bushes in the beds. The optimum age of the seedlings is considered to be 20–25 days by this time - this guarantees an early harvest.

The ripening time depends on the technical maturity. So, in the early varieties, the fruits begin to ripen in 40-50 days, in the mid-early ones - in 51-65 days, in the late ones - 66-75 days after sowing.

When determining a favorable period, take into account the forecasts of weather forecasters, and also pay attention to the temperature at night - transplant seedlings only when the risk of night frosts is excluded.

Moon calendar

You can also determine favorable days for planting according to the lunar calendar - this is another popular way to determine the best period. The lunar calendar is based on the phases of the moon, based on which the most successful days for agricultural work are determined. It is believed that on a growing moon it is better to plant crops whose fruits are located above the ground, and if the moon is waning, then crops are planted whose fruits are located underground.

Thus, they determine and when it is better to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018 in the Moscow region: it is better to sow seeds on a growing moon, and transplant seedlings on a waning moon.

Consider the specific numbers that the lunar calendar calls.

  1. Favorable time for planting in March: 10, 14, 19, 24, 25, 26th of March.
  2. In April, the calendar advises to choose: 17th, 18th, 22nd, 27th, 29th.
  3. Recommended days in May: 18th, 19th, 24th, 25th, 26th.
  4. In June, the most favorable days for sowing: 10, 16, 17, 19, 23rd.

These numbers are considered to be the most favorable for any agricultural work. This calendar will make it easier for you to choose a day for planting cucumbers. However, remember that the calendar data is revised annually.

But no matter how favorable the days on the lunar calendar, always consider the weather. If the calendar shows that the day is good, but at the same time there are frosts at night, then it is better to postpone work on warmer days.

Unfavorable days for planting

According to the lunar calendar, days are not only favorable, but also unfavorable for agricultural work. It is believed that these days are the most unfortunate for the cultivation of seeds. So, the calendar 2018 names the following days:

  • In March, the 8th, 10th, 13th, 15th, 18th are considered unsuccessful days.
  • In April, the calendar among the unfavorable names the 4th, 5th, 6th, 14th, 17th, 19th.
  • In May, you should refrain from sowing on the following days: 2, 4, 11, 12, 17, 26, 27th.
  • In June, the calendar marks out the days as unsuccessful: 4, 8, 9, 12, 13.

Landing on a waning moon can lead to a poor harvest, and the fruits themselves will not be large in size.

We considered when it is recommended to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2018 in the Moscow region. But success depends not only on successful days, but also on the correct planting of cucumber care.

Planting and leaving

A good harvest also depends on sowing seeds. So, before planting in the ground, it is recommended to disinfect the planting material, for which you can use potassium permanganate: 2 grams are diluted in a small amount of water, the seeds are dipped into the solution and left for 10 minutes. After that, the seeds are pulled out and dried.

Cucumbers are grown for seedlings according to certain rules. The soil for this must be nutritious and light. It is recommended to buy ready-made mixtures for cucumbers with substances necessary for the growth of vegetables. Please note that you need to choose a special soil for planting cucumbers. When buying, make sure that there is an inscription on the package - soil for cucumbers.

As soon as the seedlings grow up, they are transplanted to a permanent place. It is important that the ground warms up well by this time, otherwise the seedlings may die. If there are light frosts at night, it is recommended to cover the beds at night with a warm cloth to protect them from freezing.

As for the care of seedlings, this means a number of works. First of all, this is watering, since cucumbers love water, as well as regular feeding with mineral and organic fertilizers, loosening the soil, removing weeds. Bushes should be regularly inspected in order to detect in time if any insects appear that spoil the crop, or to identify diseases.

As for feeding, then there are also rules. The first is produced after the first formed leaves appear. The second time, feeding is carried out when inflorescences appear. But when the ovaries begin to form, then they do the third feeding. The latter is done in order to prolong fruiting and increase yields.

Make sure that the seedlings are well lit, especially on cloudy days - this will protect them from pulling.

Keep the beds clean and loosen regularly - once a week. During the fruiting period, water especially vigorously, but you should not wet the leaves too much - try to water only the ground.

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