Table of contents:

Headache in the forehead and eyes
Headache in the forehead and eyes
Video: Headache in the forehead and eyes
Video: 5 Types of Headaches and How to Get Rid of All of Them 2023, February
Anonim

Doctors consider headache to be a dangerous condition. It can be a symptom of damage to the nervous system. When the head hurts in the frontal part, a person is not able to work normally, communicate calmly. It is imperative to look for the cause of this condition, to get rid of the problem faster.

External causes of pain

Doctors do not recommend to endure a headache, it destroys neurons. They take a long time to recover, so it is better to start treatment faster. A headache in the frontal part can be due to various reasons.

They can be divided into external and internal. External factors include the negative impact of the following factors:

  1. Eye strain. From prolonged viewing of TV, video on the phone, working at a computer, a headache in the frontal part can be felt and give into the eyes. Such a violation occurs in a child if you do not control his time spent in gadgets. Drivers who spend a lot of time behind the wheel have a headache and have to monitor the traffic situation every minute in bad weather, at night. Such visual overstrain is associated with the requirements for the work schedule, which oblige drivers to take breaks at work.
  2. Lack of oxygen. The headache can be triggered by being in a stuffy room. This condition will be accompanied by a sharp manifestation of fatigue, drowsiness, and decreased performance. Soreness is localized in the frontal, occipital part of the head, dizziness may join. Sleeping in a low oxygen room can lead to fatigue and headaches that are difficult to get rid of.
  3. High concentration in the body of substances that affect the tone of blood vessels. They negatively affect painful nerve endings. These substances can be monosodium glutamate, histamine, nitrates, nitrites, caffeine, nitrogenous compounds obtained from fast food, energy drinks, canned food, marinades.
  4. Toxic poisoning. A person can breathe in vapors during prolonged contact with poor quality materials from which furniture, toys, and building materials are made. In this case, nausea will join the headache. You can get poisoned by inhaling gasoline vapors, chloroform, acetone, ether, lead, arsenic, pesticides.
  5. Alcohol poisoning. When intoxication with ethyl alcohol, the head hurts in the frontal part and nausea, the general state of health is poor, since the concentration of glucose in the blood decreases. When poisoning with methyl alcohol, visual impairment occurs.
  6. Poisoning with drugs. Severe headaches can cause drugs to normalize blood pressure, increase vascular tone, diuretics if the prescribed dosage is exceeded.
  7. Overstrain of the neck muscles. In the cervical spine, muscles affect the tone of blood vessels, their overstrain is possible after sleeping in an uncomfortable position on an uncomfortable pillow. The headache will depend on the rotation of the head. Usually it is localized in the frontal and occipital parts. In difficult cases, it will be combined with dizziness, neck pain, loss of balance.

Also, a headache in the forehead can be triggered by prolonged stress. In this case, it goes away after a long rest, quality sleep, and taking a soothing tea with medicinal herbs.

Psychologists note that headaches in children from the beginning of the school year can be a sign of adaptation to new conditions. They do not require treatment, it is enough to provide rest and a calm atmosphere at home.

Interesting! Symptoms of gallbladder disease, as it hurts in women, men

Internal causes of pain

The basis for the development of a headache in the frontal part may be the pathology of internal organs or systems. With internal causes, the course of the disease is more pronounced. Pain with localization in the forehead area accompanies the following conditions:

  1. Traumatic brain injury with consequences. In the acute phase, the pain spreads throughout the head. After some time, at the stage of recovery, pain remains only in the forehead. Additional symptoms: dizziness, weakness, vomiting.
  2. Intracranial pressure. With increased or decreased intracranial pressure, the head hurts in the frontal part and temples. The patient often complains of nausea. With increased pressure, there is vomiting, the whites of the eyes turn red.
  3. Infections such as meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). With these pathologies, the headache is constant, exhausting. An increase in temperature joins, nausea, vomiting, dizziness begins.
  4. Diseases of the eyes. Soreness in the eye sockets with recoil to the frontal lobes is observed with glaucoma. The optic nerve is damaged. Without treatment, the pathology will develop, a person may go blind. There is inflammation of the optic nerve due to infection or as a complication of diabetes. Treatment with hormonal drugs helps to get rid of pain, restore vision.
  5. Sinusitis. Inflammatory process in the maxillary sinuses - heaviness and pain when tilting in the frontal part, severe difficulty in breathing, dizziness, general malaise, abundant accumulation of pus in the sinuses.
  6. Neurosis. The cause of the occurrence is nervous overstrain. The headache is described as constricting, localized in the forehead, sometimes throbbing.
  7. Migraine. Pain in the forehead and temples of a vibrating nature, there is a feeling that presses on the eyes. More often it manifests itself on one side. Only in severe cases is there bilateral pain. Weakness, nausea, and vomiting suddenly occur.
  8. Cluster headaches. They are pulsating in nature with a sharp onset, localization in the forehead. A concomitant symptom is a runny nose and watery eyes due to irritation of the nasopharyngeal mucosa. Can be confused with an infectious disease. A characteristic feature of cluster pain is clear severity and unexpected onset.
  9. Oncological pathologies. The signs are similar to intracranial pressure increase, only the pain does not stop with conventional drugs, it gradually increases.

Severe forehead headaches are sometimes caused by cerebral vasospasm. A similar condition manifests itself as a result of smoking, alcohol abuse, due to a change in climatic zones, emotional overstrain.

Headaches in the frontal part of an adult can appear due to numerous pathologies. Only a specialist can establish a diagnosis after a complete examination.

Diagnostics

To make the correct diagnosis, you need to undergo an examination. It includes:

  • general analysis of blood and urine to exclude an infectious lesion of the body;
  • EEG to determine epileptic activity, exclude migraine;
  • ECG to check the condition of the heart and blood vessels;
  • blood pressure measurement;
  • analysis of the level of thyroid hormones to exclude endocrine pathologies;
  • Ultrasound of the vessels of the neck, head, thyroid gland;
  • measuring eye pressure to exclude eye diseases;
  • tomography of the head to detect neoplasms, hematomas, disorders of the structure of the brain;
  • X-ray of the sinuses of the skull to identify ENT pathologies.

A comprehensive examination does not always reveal the cause of the pain. But it helps to determine the presence or absence of serious diseases.

Interesting! Is it painful to remove wisdom teeth

Headache treatment

When treating a headache, it is important to consult a doctor in a timely manner, not to self-medicate. It will not be possible to independently choose the correct treatment regimen, since only some pain relievers are available at home. To get rid of headaches in the frontal part, the following drugs are additionally prescribed:

  • antibiotics - for inflammatory processes in the body;
  • means for normalizing intracranial and blood pressure + diuretics;
  • medicines to improve the blood supply to the brain;
  • symptomatic agents to weaken other negative manifestations.

For example, in case of eye diseases, the ophthalmologist prescribes medications, prescribes wearing glasses or contact lenses so that the eyes do not strain.

You cannot endure a headache. During an attack, you need to take analgesics, for example, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Ketorol.

Outcomes

Headache is one of the most painful, so it needs to be addressed immediately. There are many reasons for pain in the frontal part of the head. These are diseases of internal organs and systems, external stimuli. After a comprehensive examination, the doctor makes a diagnosis. Treatment should be strictly individual, depending on the cause of the disease.

Popular by topic